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A song played on a electronic keyboardAn electronic keyboard, portable keyboard, or digital keyboard is an, an electronic or digital derivative of.Broadly speaking, the term electronic keyboard or just a keyboard can refer to any type of digital or electronic keyboard instrument. These include,. However, an electronic keyboard is more specifically a with a built-in low-wattage and small.Electronic keyboards are capable of recreating a wide range of instrument sounds (, etc.) and tones with less complex sound synthesis. Electronic keyboards are usually designed for home users, beginners and other non-professional users. They typically have unweighted keys.
The least expensive models do not have velocity-sensitive keys, but mid- to high-priced models do. Home keyboards typically have little, if any, digital sound editing capacity. The user typically selects from a range of preset 'voices' or sounds, which include imitations of many instruments and some electronic synthesizer sounds. Home keyboards have a much lower cost than professional synthesizers. And are among the leading manufacturers of home keyboards. Main article: Classifications Conventional home keyboards differ from other electronic keyboards due to the design, features and target market:.
Electronic keyboards designed to sound and feel like an ordinary acoustic. They typically contain an and built into the instrument. In most cases they can fully replace acoustic pianos and provide several features, such as recording and saving files to a computer. Many digital pianos can imitate the sounds of several instruments, including a,.
They are not sensitive to the climate or humidity changes in a room and there is also no need for tuning, as with acoustic pianos. Digital pianos are often mounted on stands with a fixed sustain (or other) pedal attached to the frame; as such, most are not designed for transportation.
The target market is mid-level to advanced pianists. A type of high-quality digital piano with weighted keys, designed for professional touring use on stage or in a. The Hammond organ and electric piano sounds on a stage piano are typically more realistic than those found on a digital piano. Electronic keyboards that use various sound synthesis technologies to produce a wide variety of electronic sounds. Workstation - Professional electronic keyboards that combine the features of a synthesizer and a conventional home keyboard. Workstations have a range of high-quality sampled instrument sounds, as well as extensive editing/recording capability, computer connectivity, high-powered speakers, and often include external memory storage for storing customized data, MIDI sequences, and even additional instrument samples. A high-end workstation keyboard may include several features similar to a computer software, allowing an even more advanced features such as mixing, mastering, sound design, creating loops and patterns, composing, etc.
An electronic keyboard that does not produce a sound of its own. It is used to trigger sounds from a or by means of MIDI cable and connections.
MIDI controllers often provide other sliders, knobs and buttons, which enable the player to control elements such as volume. A small synthesizer that resembles a guitar which can be played in similar position as an: worn on a strap over the shoulders, enabling the performer to move around on a stage.
The name is a portmanteau of keyboard and guitar.Compared to digital pianos or stage pianos, digital home keyboards are usually much lower in cost, as they have unweighted keys. Like digital pianos, they usually feature on-board amplifiers and loudspeakers. Stage pianos, however, typically do not have integrated amplifiers and speakers, as these instruments are normally plugged into a in a professional concert setting.
Unlike synthesizers, the primary focus of home electronic keyboards is not on detailed control or creation of sound synthesis parameters. Most home electronic keyboards offer little or no control or editing of the sounds (although a selection of or more preset sounds is typically provided).Concepts and definitions. Playing an electronic keyboard.
Auto accompaniment / chord recognition: Auto accompaniment is used on programmed styles to trigger specific chords that will sound when a single key is pressed on the keyboard. For example, when the auto accompaniment feature is on, and the performer presses a 'C' note in the low range of the keyboard, the auto accompaniment feature will play a C Major chord. In many keyboards, the auto accompaniment feature will play the automatic chords in a rhythm and style that is appropriate for the musical style (e.g., rock, pop, hip-hop) selected by the performer (see the Accompaniment backing track section for more). When the on-board rhythm track is turned on, the auto-chords will be played automatically in the tempo of the rhythm track. Many keyboards have an option to form on-bass chords, as well as many other complex chords. Demonstration: Most keyboards have pre-programmed demo songs.
As the name 'demo' implies, one usage of these pre-programmed songs is for a salesperson to use to demonstrate the capabilities of the keyboard, in terms of its different voices and effects. The demo songs can also be used for entertainment and learning. Some keyboards have a teaching feature that will indicate the notes to be played on the display and wait for the player to press the right one. (also found under the keyword touch sensitivity in some manuals): While the least expensive keyboards are simply 'on-off' switches, mid-range and higher-range instruments simulate the process of sound generation in (string instruments) which are sensitive to the speed (or 'hardness') of a key press. Mid-range instruments may only have two or three levels of sensitivity (e.g., soft-medium-loud). More expensive models may have a broader range of sensitivity. For implementation, two sensors are installed for each key: the first sensor detects when a key is beginning to be pressed and the other triggers when the key is pressed completely.
On some higher-end electronic keyboards or, a third sensor is installed. This third sensor allows the player to strike a key and still sound a note even when the key has not yet come to its full resting position, allowing for faster (and more accurate) playing of repeated notes. The time between the two (or three) signals allows a keyboard to determine the velocity with which the key was struck.
As the key weight is constant this velocity can be considered as the strength of the press. Based on this value the sound generator produces a correspondingly loud or soft sound.
The least sophisticated types of touch sensitivity cause the keyboard to change the volume of the instrument voice. The most sophisticated, expensive types will trigger both a change in volume and a change in timbre, which simulates the way that very hard strikes of a piano or electric piano cause a difference in tone—as well as an increase in volume. Some sophisticated touch-sensitivity systems accomplish this by having several samples of an acoustic instrument note per key (e.g., a soft strike, a mid-level strike, and a hard strike). A child playing a Casio keyboard with small-size minikeys. Minikeys: Most electronic keyboards have keys that are similar to the size of keys on an acoustic piano.
Some electronic keyboards have minikeys, either because they are targeted at child users or to make the instrument smaller and more portable. Accompaniment backing tracks: Pre-programmed musical accompaniment tracks (also called rhythm pattern or rhythm style by some manufacturers), consist of a variety of genres for the player to use (e.g., pop, rock, jazz, country, reggae). The keyboard plays a chord voicing and rhythm which is appropriate for the selected genre. In general, programmed backing tracks usually imitate the sound of a or an. Certain keyboards may include a feature that allows the performer to create, compose and customize their own accompaniments. This feature is usually called a pattern sequencer, rhythm composer, or a style creator. In addition to the basic accompaniment tracks, some keyboards have an extra feature to play different loops in conjunction with the backing track itself.
Accompaniment sections and synchronization: Usually, backing tracks comprises two to four sections, as well as fill-in patterns, introduction/ending patterns, and various synchronizations to improve the effects of the accompaniment. Tempo: A parameter that determines the speed of rhythms, chords and other auto-generated content on electronic keyboards. The unit of this parameter is beats per minute. Many keyboards feature audio or visual (using graphics on a portion of the display) to help players keep time. Auto harmonization: A feature of some keyboards that automatically adds secondary tones to a note based upon chords given by the accompaniment system, to make harmony easier for players who lack the ability to make complex chord changes with their left hand.
Wheels and knobs: Used to add effects to a sound that are not present by default, such as, and so on. A common wheel on contemporary keyboards is the pitch bend, adjusting the pitch of a note usually in the range of ±1. The pitch bend wheel is usually on the left of the keyboard and is a spring-loaded. Drawbars: Usually found only on high-end, expensive keyboards and workstations, this feature allows the performer to emulate digitally-modeled sounds of a (hence drawbar). It consists of nine editable virtual sliders that resemble the drawbars of a tonewheel organ, and features various effects such as rotary speaker, percussion, and tremolo. The setting can be saved to the keyboard's user memory or storage device. Piano simulation: A common feature of the, and high-end workstations that allows real-time simulation of a sampled sound.
It provides various piano-related effects, such as room reverberation, piano lid position (as on a grand piano), and settings to adjust the tuning and overall sound quality. Keyboard action: Weighted or spring-loaded keys. The least expensive home keyboards have no keyboard response, and they use plastic keys that are mounted on soft rubber or plastic pads.
This set-up, called 'synthesizer action' is also used in synthesizers. 'Weighted response' refers to keys with weights and springs in them, which give a 'hammer action' feel similar to an acoustic piano. Most electronic keyboards use spring-loaded keys that make some kinds of playing techniques, such as backhanded sweeps, impossible, but make the keyboards lighter and easier to transport.
Players accustomed to standard weighted piano keys may find non-weighted spring-action keyboards uncomfortable and difficult to play effectively. Conversely, keyboard players accustomed to the non-weighted action may encounter difficulty and discomfort playing on a piano with weighted keys.MIDI controls MIDI, Musical Instrument Digital Interface, is a serial data connection which operates with any make or model of instrument which provides for it.Electronic keyboards typically use signals to send and receive data, a standard format now universally used across most digital electronic musical instruments.
On the simplest example of an electronic keyboard, MIDI messages would be sent when a note is pressed on the keyboard, and would determine which note is pressed and for how long. Additionally, most electronic keyboards now have a 'touch sensitivity', or 'touch response' function which operates by an extra sensor in each key, which estimates the pressure of each note being pressed by the difference in time between when the key begins to be pressed and when it is pressed completely. The values calculated by these sensors are then converted into MIDI data which gives a velocity value for each note, which is usually directly proportional to amplitude of the note when played.MIDI data can also be used to add to the sounds played, such as,. These effects are usually mapped to three of the 127 MIDI controls within the keyboard's infrastructure – one for reverb, one for chorus and one for other effects – and are generally configurable through the keyboard's graphical interface. Additionally, many keyboards have 'auto-harmony' effects which will complement each note played with one or more notes of higher or lower pitch, to create an or.DSP effects can also be controlled on the fly by physical controllers. Electronic keyboards often have two wheels on the left hand side, generally known as a pitch bend and a modulation wheel. Tascam us 122l drivers for mac.
The difference between these is that the pitch bend wheel always flicks back to its default position – the center – while the modulation wheel can be placed freely. By default, the pitch bend wheel controls the pitch of the note in small values, allowing the simulation of slides and other techniques which control the pitch more subtly. The modulation wheel is usually set to control a tremolo effect by default. However, on most electronic keyboards, the user will be able to map any MIDI control to these wheels. Professional MIDI controller keyboards often also have an array of knobs and sliders to modulate various MIDI controls, which are often used to control DSP effects.Most electronic keyboards also have a socket at the back, into which a foot switch can be plugged. The most common function is to simulate the on a piano by turning on and off the MIDI control which adds sustain to a note. However, since they are also simple MIDI devices, foot switches can usually be configured to turn on and off any MIDI controlled function, such as switching one of the DSP effects, or the auto-harmony.
Keyboard ensemble In live performances, multiple electronic keyboards could be played together at one time, each by one musician, forming a keyboard ensemble. Keyboard ensembles are mostly performed within a band on an elaborate stage, while some can even serve as a simpler substitute to the more conventional, replacing and.References.